“My understanding of the topic has increased dramatically as well as my social skills and ability to analyze and structure my thoughts. I would do this program again in a heartbeat.” — Anika Nissley
What are the ethics of war? Can we apply our ordinary moral judgments and political commitments to war? Does it even make sense to talk about an ethics of war that is not simply an expression of power? This course in political philosophy explores the relationship among war, politics, and ethics.
The course begins with a survey of issues of realism and just war theory through in-depth analysis of texts by classic and contemporary philosophers. We will also survey basic ideas of justice—utilitarian and deontological—and how they relate to the ethics of war. We then move on to examine war from the perspective of the international order, looking at the legal and practical norms governing war and how they are changing. We look also to important boundary cases and pressing topics in current events—terrorism, drone warfare, torture, and humanitarian intervention. How can we justify or denounce such actions and on what terms? Do these cases amount to war? Are they crimes and police actions? How should they be assessed?
Course materials draw widely from classics of political philosophy, literature, painting, and film, as well as newspaper articles and long form journalism.
Class time is divided between discussion of the reading assignments in the morning and debates, group projects, and student presentations in the afternoon. The morning sessions are devoted to helping students achieve a firm grasp of the philosophical arguments found in the readings, while the afternoon sessions allow participants to creatively apply these ideas through a variety of interactive contexts. While experiencing the rigor and fun of political philosophy, students hone skills in formulating, clarifying, and expressing their own political ideas. Field trips enhance and probe more deeply into themes explored in course materials.
Note: Students explore the above issues in part through the rich resource of war films, some of which contain mature content.
Alexander de la Paz is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Political Science at Columbia University. He holds a B.A. in political science from the University of Florida, an A.M. in social sciences from the University of Chicago, and an M.A. and M.Phil. in political science from Columbia. His research interests include political and moral psychology, terrorism and political violence, international humanitarian law, and applied ethics. Alex's dissertation examines the strategic, legal, and moral problems posed by the use of human shields in armed conflict. He has served as a teaching assistant in courses on international relations and human rights.