Debating the Ethics of War and Political Violence (CLOSED)
Students interested in this course might also be interested in Constitutional Law.
“This class taught me to try to understand complex ideas before asserting my own opinions.” — Chloe Chaobal, 2015
What are the ethics of war? Can we apply our ordinary moral judgments and political commitments to war? Does it even make sense to talk about an ethics of war that is not simply an expression of power? This course in political philosophy explores the relationship among war, politics, and ethics.
The course begins with a survey of issues of realism and just war theory through in-depth analysis of texts by classic and contemporary philosophers. We will also survey basic ideas of justice—utilitarian and deontological—and how they relate to the ethics of war. We then move on to examine war from the perspective of the international order, looking at the legal and practical norms governing war and how they are changing. We look also to important boundary cases and pressing topics in current events—terrorism, drone warfare, torture, and humanitarian intervention. How can we justify or denounce such actions and on what terms? Do these cases amount to war? Are they crimes and police actions? How should they be assessed?
Course materials draw widely from classics of political philosophy, literature, painting, and film, as well as newspaper articles and long form journalism.
Class time is divided between discussion of the reading assignments in the morning and debates, group projects, and student presentations in the afternoon. The morning sessions are devoted to helping students achieve a firm grasp of the philosophical arguments found in the readings, while the afternoon sessions allow participants to creatively apply these ideas through a variety of interactive contexts. While experiencing the rigor and fun of political philosophy, students hone skills in formulating, clarifying, and expressing their own political ideas. Field trips enhance and probe more deeply into themes explored in course materials.
Note: Students explore the above issues in part through the rich resource of war films, some of which contain mature content.
Ashraf Ahmed is a Ph.D. candidate in the Department of Political Science at Columbia University, where he specializes in the history of political thought and contemporary political theory. His dissertation concerns the early twentieth century reaction in political theory to the emergence of political parties and mass democracy. He has served as teaching assistant to several courses in political theory and international relations and has taught a self-designed course on the history of property theory. He holds an A.B. from Harvard College, an M.Phil. from Cambridge, and an M.A. and M.Phil. from Columbia.
Specific course information, such as hours and instructors, are subject to change at the discretion of the University.